This article charts the trajectories of different concepts, theories and paradigms deployed over the past 20 years to understand de facto states in the South Caucasus, and in particular their internal dynamics 다운로드. It is argued that while external factors are central to the sustainability of Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Nagorny Karabakh, scholarship on these entities has increasingly over time asserted the relevance of their internal politics 다운로드. The article discusses how over the last decade this analysis has increasingly conflicted with the revival of the region’s central state authorities, whose conceptual reading and policy repertoires vis-à-vis de facto states remain focused on their external support structures 다운로드.
Broers, L. (2013). Recognising politics in unrecognised states: 20 years of enquiry into the de facto states of the South Caucasus. Caucasus Survey, 1(1), 59-74 스타 헌터 맵 다운로드.
Any consideration of the relation between Transcaucasian politics and national Soviet politics during the Stalin era must begin from the fact that Transcaucasia was a political unit of an unusual kind, having an unusual relation to the center 한컴 바탕체 다운로드. The first indication of this that comes to sight, perhaps, is the relationship of Transcaucasia to Beria.
Fairbanks Jr, C. H. (1980). Beria, his enemies, and their Georgian clienteles, 1949-1953 슬픈다짐 다운로드. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #119.
As a contribution to promoting sustainable democracy in Georgia and in the wider context in the South
Caucasus region, International IDEA, in partnership with Georgian and regional actors, initiated a programme
of ‘democratic assessment through dialogue’ in Georgia, in autumn 2001 다운로드.
International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (2003). Building Democracy in Georgia: Democratization in Georgia.
In this text of a lecture delivered by Johan Galtung in Tbilisi 1997, the author discusses issues of conflict and cooperation in Caucasus. In the first part he identifies the structural causes of the Caucasian conflicts by comparison with the Balkans wars catia v5r21 다운로드. Then, Galtung distinguishes three cultural traits that pose obstacles for the Caucasian peace process. Finally, he argues for deeper institutionalized cooperation among the states and nations of Caucasus 다운로드.
Galtung, J. (1997). Some Observations on the Caucasus. Caucasian Regional Studies, 2(1).
This paper looks at the European Union process of engagement in the South Caucasus in the context of its Neighborhood Policy. It looks at how divergent perceptions of the region impact on regional policy choices, with an emphasis on regional cooperation Flaticon download. It is argued that regional cooperation should overcome the artificially constructed “South Caucasus” regional label and unfold along different patterns and variable compositions 다운로드. The paper advances the proposal for a Eurasian/Black Sea security complex, framing in a wider format regional bounds, while maximizing them in new cooperation frames, inverting the tendency for imposed labels and uncooperative stances in the area 솜노트 다운로드.
Simão, L., & Freire, M. R. (2008). The EU’s Neighborhood Policy and the South Caucasus: Unfolding New Patterns of Cooperation 다운로드. Caucasian Review of International Affairs, 2(4), 47-61.