This book explores events in Georgia in the years following Stalin’s death in March 1953, especially the demonstrations of March 1956 and their brutal suppression, in order to illuminate the tensions in Georgia between veneration of the memory of Stalin, a Georgian, together with the associated respect for the Soviet system that he had created, and growing nationalism 다운로드. The book considers how not just Stalin but also his wider circle of Georgians were at the heart of the Soviet system, outlines how greatly Stalin was revered in Georgia, and charts the rise of Khrushchev and his denunciation of Stalin 레인보우 whoo. It goes on to examine the different strands of the rising Georgian nationalist movements, discusses the repressive measures taken against demonstrators, and concludes by showing how the repressions transformed a situation where Georgian nationalism, the honouring of Stalin’s memory and the Soviet system were all aligned together into a situation where an increasingly assertive nationalist movement was firmly at odds with the Soviet Union 다운로드.
Blauvelt, T. K., & Smith, J. (2015). Georgia after Stalin: Nationalism and Soviet Power. Routledge.
The South Caucasus has traditionally been a playground of contesting empires 텐센트 카트라이더 다운로드. This region, on the edge of Europe, is associated in Western minds with ethnic conflict and geopolitical struggles in August 2008. Yet, another war broke out in this distant European periphery as Russia and Georgia clashed over the secessionist territory of South Ossetia 다운로드. The war had global ramifications culminating in deepening tensions between Russia on the one hand, and Europe and the USA on the other. Speculation on the causes and consequences of the war focused on Great Power rivalries and a new Great Game, on oil pipeline routes, and Russian imperial aspirations Gangstar 4 download.
This book takes a different tack which focuses on the domestic roots of the August 2008 war. Collectively the authors in this volume present a new multidimensional context for the war 다운로드. They analyse historical relations between national minorities in the region, look at the link between democratic development, state-building, and war, and explore the role of leadership and public opinion 비정상회담 5회. Digging beneath often simplistic geopolitical explanations, the authors give the national minorities and Georgians themselves, the voice that is often forgotten by Western analysts 다운로드.
This book was based on a special issue of Central Asian Survey.
Jones, S 다운로드. F. (Ed.) (2011). War and Revolution in the Caucasus: Georgia Ablaze. London: Routledge.
This collection of essays spans numerous disciplines, including urban planning, architecture, and history 다운로드. The study focuses on the interrelated transitions of city culture and city planning in modern Georgia, establishing a field of connections between city culture and planning that is unsurpassed in breath and depth 다운로드. The combination of well-established Georgian and international scholars allows for an in-depth analysis of this multiplicity of relations, an analysis that sheds new light on city planning, the role of knowledge, trust, networks, and heritage as it elucidates the shortcomings of ‘transition’ concepts in new ways 그린파워. Concepts of identity occur over and over again in the essays, with city space appearing as an arena for identity politics. This book is timely, given the recently renewed history of conflicts in the Caucasus, and it contributes to scholarship in the area by detailing the difficulties of reshaping city and society when threats are imminent, resources are scarce, and democratic institutions are fragile 다운로드.
Van Assche, K., Salukvadze, J., & Shavishvili, N. (Eds.). (2009). City Culture and City Planning in Tbilisi: Where Europe and Asia Meet최신 ccm 다운로드. Edwin Mellen Press.
Like the other republics floating free after the demise of the Soviet empire, the independent republic of Georgia is reinventing its past, recovering what had been forgotten or distorted during the long years of Russian and Soviet rule keynote 무료. Whether Georgia can successfully be transformed from a society rent by conflict into a pluralistic democratic nation will depend on Georgians rethinking their history 하모니 다운로드.
This is the first comprehensive treatment of Georgian history, from the ethnogenesis of the Georgians in the first millennium B.C., through the period of Russian and Soviet rule in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, to the emergence of an independent republic in 1991, the ethnic and civil warfare that has ensued, and perspectives for Georgia’s future 프레임워크 다운로드.
Suny, R. G. (1994). The Making of the Georgian Nation. Indiana University Press.
When most of Eastern Europe was struggling with dictatorships of one kind or another, the Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918-1921) established a constitution, a parliamentary system with national elections, an active opposition, and a free press 피땀눈물 다운로드. Like the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918, its successors emerged after 1991 from a bankrupt empire, and faced, yet again, the task of establishing a new economic, political and social system from scratch 나의 왼발. In both 1918 and 1991, Georgia was confronted with a hostile Russia and followed a pro-Western and pro-democratic course. The top regional experts in this book explore the domestic and external parallels between the Georgian post-colonial governments of the early twentieth and twenty-first centuries 다운로드. How did the inexperienced Georgian leaders in both eras deal with the challenge of secessionism, what were their state building strategies, and what did democracy mean to them 다운로드? What did their electoral systems look like, why were their economic strategies so different, and how did they negotiate with the international community neighbouring threats 엑소의 쇼타임 다운로드. These are the central challenges of transitional governments around the world today. Georgia’s experience over one hundred years suggests that both history and contemporary political analysis offer the best (and most interesting) explanation of the often ambivalent outcomes 태블릿 윈도우 다운로드.
Jones, S. F. (2014). The Making of Modern Georgia, 1918-2012: The First Georgian Republic and Its Successors다운로드. Routledge.