This article examines the evolution of American policy in the Southern Caucasus since 1991. The article argues that US policy in the region has been ad hoc and inconsistent, reflecting ideological considerations (democracy promotion in Georgia), economic interests (access to Caspian Basin energy product and the development of US relations with Azerbaijan), US minority lobbying (US policy towards the Karabagh conflict), and idiosyncratic leadership preference (the personal relationship between Presidents Bush and Saakashvili) 동백꽃 필 무렵 11회 다운로드. This amalgam reflected the weakness of strategic drivers and notably Russia’s inability to act on its hegemonic aspirations in the region.
Khelashvili, G., & Macfarlane, S 다운로드. N. (2010). The Evolution of US Policy towards the Southern Caucasus. International Relations/Uluslararasi Iliskiler, 7(26).
In this article, Svante Cornell argues that while the humanitarian consequences of the 2008 Russo-Georgian war do not compare with what transpired in Chechnya or Bosnia in the 1990s, the conflict arguably marked the most significant challenge to Europe’s security architecture since the end of the cold war 다운로드. The author, then, explains some of the most important questions that have arised from this war: Why did this small war in the Caucasus happen, and who started it 다운로드? What implications will it have for the South Caucasus, for the former Soviet Union more broadly, and for Europe as a whole?
Cornell, S. E. (2008) 다운로드. War in Georgia, jitters all around. Current History,107(711), 307.
This report represents a review of political and security developments in the South Caucasus in the 1990s and early 2000s. The first part addresses political and economic situation in the region and provides regional assessment in terms of human rights, economic development, environment protection, among other topics 레고 에듀케이션. The second part focuses on security. It provides insight into existing conflicts and potential areas of instability and crisis. In addition, the report also reviews other security threats, such as transnational crime, Islamic radicalism, etc 인천상륙작전 영화 다운로드.
Cornell, S. E. (2002). The South Caucasus: A regional and Conflict Assessment. Cornell Caspian Consulting.
The South Caucasus has traditionally been a playground of contesting empires 텐센트 카트라이더 다운로드. This region, on the edge of Europe, is associated in Western minds with ethnic conflict and geopolitical struggles in August 2008. Yet, another war broke out in this distant European periphery as Russia and Georgia clashed over the secessionist territory of South Ossetia 다운로드. The war had global ramifications culminating in deepening tensions between Russia on the one hand, and Europe and the USA on the other. Speculation on the causes and consequences of the war focused on Great Power rivalries and a new Great Game, on oil pipeline routes, and Russian imperial aspirations Gangstar 4 download.
This book takes a different tack which focuses on the domestic roots of the August 2008 war. Collectively the authors in this volume present a new multidimensional context for the war 다운로드. They analyse historical relations between national minorities in the region, look at the link between democratic development, state-building, and war, and explore the role of leadership and public opinion 비정상회담 5회. Digging beneath often simplistic geopolitical explanations, the authors give the national minorities and Georgians themselves, the voice that is often forgotten by Western analysts 다운로드.
This book was based on a special issue of Central Asian Survey.
Jones, S 다운로드. F. (Ed.) (2011). War and Revolution in the Caucasus: Georgia Ablaze. London: Routledge.
For the first time, this major new survey of the Caucasus traces a unified narrative history of this complex and turbulent region at the borderlands of Europe, Asia and the Middle East, from prehistory to the present 동영상 파일 다운로드. For thousands of years the Caucasus has formed the intersection of routes of migration, invasion, trade and culture, and a geographical bridge between Europe and Asia, subject to recurring imperial invasion 정음뷰어 다운로드. Drawing on sources in English, Russian, Persian and Arabic, amongst others, this authoritative study centres on the region’s many indigenous peoples, including Abkhazians, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Chechens and Circassians, and their relations with outsiders who still play an important part in the life of the region today 철권태그 1 다운로드. The book presents a critical view of the historical role of Russian imperialism in events in the Caucasian countries, and the violent struggle of some of these peoples in their efforts to establish a precarious independence 관광열차.
Forsyth, J. (2013). The Caucasus: A History. Cambridge University Press.