Jonathan Wheatley examines the tortuous process of regime change in Georgia from the first pro-independence protests of 1988 to the aftermath of the so-called Rose Revolution in 2004 다운로드. It is set within a comparative framework that includes other transition countries, particularly those in the former Soviet Union. The book provides two important theoretical innovations: the notion of a regime, which is an under-theorized concept in the field of transition literature, and O’Donnell, Schmitter and Karl’s notion of a dynamic actor-driven transition 다운로드. The volume turns to the structural constraints that framed the transition in Georgia and in other republics of the former Soviet Union by looking at the state and society in the USSR at the close of the Soviet period 다운로드.
Wheatley, J. (2005). Georgia from National Awakening to Rose Revolution: Delayed Transition in the Former Soviet Union 다운로드. Ashgate.
Endemic corruption has been a destructive legacy of Soviet rule for most successor states of the Soviet Union. Yet as the two cases of this study demonstrate, corruption has manifested itself in different ways 맥북 워드. While the smooth transition of power in the early 1990s has allowed Armenia’s political leaders to use corruption to consolidate firm control over the state apparatus, Georgia’s tumultuous transition has caused the disintegration of the state apparatus into feuding groups that abuse their official positions for private gain hp 무선랜 드라이버. However, while Georgia’s chaotic form of corruption has offered room for democratic change, Armenia’s political system is stable but more strongly authoritarian 다운로드.
Stefes, C. H. (2008). Governance, the state, and systemic corruption: Armenia and Georgia in comparison. Caucasian Review of International Affairs, 2(2), 73-83 Yuzu download.
This paper examines Georgia’s transition from Soviet rule to independent statehood in 1991, focusing primarily on the relationship between the political ideology within the independence movement and the failure of the development and construction of the Georgia Republic writ large 다운로드. It is shown that, while there is no single overarching explanation for the collapse of the Georgian state, one critical line of causation is drawn from the effects of a radical ethno-nationalist discourse within the dominant Georgian political culture 톰캣 7 다운로드.
Thomas, E. G. (2006). When Sugar Cane Grows in the Snow: Ethno-Nationalist Politics and the Collapse of the Georgian State. Undercurrent, 3(1), 53-64 aix nmon 다운로드.
Models of economic and social developments, scenarios for domestic politics, the role of EU engagement and the possible Europeanization of national policies as well as outlooks for cooperation in the energy sector – articles of the collection cover not all but the most relevant topics in the South Caucasus of today and years to come 다운로드.
The South Caucasus 2018: Facts, Trends, Future Scenarios (2013). Tbilisi, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (KAS).
This study reviews the factors that played a major role in the development of the old-age pension system in Georgia, 1991-2009. The main lesson drawn by this study concerning the post 2012–2013 election-cycle pension initiatives is that decisive steps should be taken based on hard evidence, rather than ideological conviction 다운로드.
Gugushvili, A. (2012). The (non) Reform of the Georgian Pension system, 1991-2011: A Brief History and Update. Oslo, Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) 다운로드.