As a contribution to promoting sustainable democracy in Georgia and in the wider context in the South
Caucasus region, International IDEA, in partnership with Georgian and regional actors, initiated a programme
of ‘democratic assessment through dialogue’ in Georgia, in autumn 2001 다운로드.
International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (2003). Building Democracy in Georgia: Democratization in Georgia.
Russia’s invasion of South Ossetia in August 2008 was not the beginning of the former Soviet republic of Georgia’s troubles 다운로드. Following the 2003 Rose Revolution, President Mikheil Saakashvili embarked on a program of sweeping reform and expanded the powers of the executive. Improved access to public goods and internationally-recognized achievements in the sphere of economic reform followed 커뮤니티 시즌1 다운로드. The building of state capacity and its attendant project of renovating Georgian culture, however, seem to have come at a high cost to Georgian democracy, as opposition parties and the media find themselves marginalized and public unrest becomes increasingly difficult to quell 다운로드.
Lanskoy, M., & Areshidze, G. (2008). Georgia’s year of turmoil. Journal of democracy, 19(4), 154-168 더 챔피언 다운로드.
Civilizations have collided in the Caucasus Mountains since the dawn of history, and the region’s dozens of ethnic groups have been noted for “obstinacy and ferocity” since ancient times 스파이 앱 다운로드. Stalin was born in these mountains, and it was also here that the Soviet empire began to crumble. The story of the Republic of Georgia illustrates that the peoples of the Caucasus may prove as incapable of self-rule as they were resistant to rule by outsiders 모두의 마블.
Kaplan, R. (2000, November). Where Europe Vanishes. Atlantic Monthly, 67-81.
This paper examines Georgia’s transition from Soviet rule to independent statehood in 1991, focusing primarily on the relationship between the political ideology within the independence movement and the failure of the development and construction of the Georgia Republic writ large 다운로드. It is shown that, while there is no single overarching explanation for the collapse of the Georgian state, one critical line of causation is drawn from the effects of a radical ethno-nationalist discourse within the dominant Georgian political culture 톰캣 7 다운로드.
Thomas, E. G. (2006). When Sugar Cane Grows in the Snow: Ethno-Nationalist Politics and the Collapse of the Georgian State. Undercurrent, 3(1), 53-64 aix nmon 다운로드.
New pipelines and the Rose Revolution have provided a backdrop for economic growth and improved fiscal stability, resolved some territorial disputes, and created the beginnings of a strong state in Georgia 다운로드. Such developments suggest that there is good reason to be sanguine about where the country is headed, but significant and potentially ominous problems remain 방탄소년단 dna.
Wertsch, J. V. (2005). Georgia as a Laboratory for Democracy. Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization, 13(4), 519-535 다운로드.