Like the other republics floating free after the demise of the Soviet empire, the independent republic of Georgia is reinventing its past, recovering what had been forgotten or distorted during the long years of Russian and Soviet rule keynote 무료. Whether Georgia can successfully be transformed from a society rent by conflict into a pluralistic democratic nation will depend on Georgians rethinking their history 하모니 다운로드.
This is the first comprehensive treatment of Georgian history, from the ethnogenesis of the Georgians in the first millennium B.C., through the period of Russian and Soviet rule in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, to the emergence of an independent republic in 1991, the ethnic and civil warfare that has ensued, and perspectives for Georgia’s future 프레임워크 다운로드.
Suny, R. G. (1994). The Making of the Georgian Nation. Indiana University Press.
When most of Eastern Europe was struggling with dictatorships of one kind or another, the Democratic Republic of Georgia (1918-1921) established a constitution, a parliamentary system with national elections, an active opposition, and a free press 피땀눈물 다운로드. Like the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918, its successors emerged after 1991 from a bankrupt empire, and faced, yet again, the task of establishing a new economic, political and social system from scratch 나의 왼발. In both 1918 and 1991, Georgia was confronted with a hostile Russia and followed a pro-Western and pro-democratic course. The top regional experts in this book explore the domestic and external parallels between the Georgian post-colonial governments of the early twentieth and twenty-first centuries 다운로드. How did the inexperienced Georgian leaders in both eras deal with the challenge of secessionism, what were their state building strategies, and what did democracy mean to them 다운로드? What did their electoral systems look like, why were their economic strategies so different, and how did they negotiate with the international community neighbouring threats 엑소의 쇼타임 다운로드. These are the central challenges of transitional governments around the world today. Georgia’s experience over one hundred years suggests that both history and contemporary political analysis offer the best (and most interesting) explanation of the often ambivalent outcomes 태블릿 윈도우 다운로드.
Jones, S. F. (2014). The Making of Modern Georgia, 1918-2012: The First Georgian Republic and Its Successors다운로드. Routledge.
In order to give a brief but representative overview of Marr’s reception in Soviet Georgian academia, author begins by laying out the dominant stances and some of the key figures in each camp, followed by a case study: an exchange of articles concerning a rather esoteric problem in Kartvelian linguistics, in which representatives of each group debated what were in fact fundamental issues concerning Georgian ethnogenesis 메시지 팝업.
Tuite, K. (2011). The reception of Marr and Marrism in the Soviet Georgian academy. Exploring the Edge of Empire: Soviet Era Anthropology in the Caucasus and Central Asia, ed 다운로드. by Florian Mühlfried and Sergey Sokolovsky. Halle: LIT Verlag; Halle Studies in the Anthropology of Eurasia. 197-214.
This paper details the case of Soviet Georgia’s hidden economy, mediated as it was through locally based personal support networks and illustrating our arguments with a case study of legal/illegal manufacturing enterprise 다운로드. Authors conclude with a note on present-day Central-Eastern European economies and a commentary on implications for management in liberal economies as they become more globally integrated 다운로드.
Mars, G., & Altman, Y. (2008). Managing in Soviet Georgia: an extreme example in comparative management. European Journal of International Management, 2(1), 56-70 다운로드.
It is the contention of this paper that the party’s policy of “benign neglect” has not resulted in the desired goal of greater assimilation, at least not in Georgia, and that evidence points to a greater consolidation and cohesion of the Georgian nationality in recent years than had bean seen in the past 영문 cv 양식 다운로드.
Suny, R. G. (1979). Soviet Georgia in the Seventies. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Kennan Institute Occasional Paper Series #64 2audio download.