The paper first discusses the extent to which the vulnerability of the regime was exposed before and during the electoral process 나를잊지말아요. Author then examines the factors that contributed to popular mobilization, noting at first why mobilization was surprising even given government vulnerability 다운로드. Third, he assesses the role of U.S. intervention and Serbian-inspired NGOs and offer tentative conclusions regarding their effects. The appendix addresses the question of why alternative electoral breakthroughs did not occur 다운로드.
Welt, C. (2006). Regime vulnerability and popular mobilization in Georgia’s Rose Revolution. Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law Working Papers, (67) 다운로드.
Drawing on a study of competitive authoritarian regimes with Steven R. Levitsky, author identify a set of longer-term variables—including the degree of state and party capacity as well as the strength or weakness of links to the West—that more fully explains why some post-communist leaders have successfully consolidated authoritarian rule while others have failed 다운로드.
Way, L. (2008). The real causes of the color revolutions. Journal of Democracy, 19(3), 55-69.
In the winter of 2006 Georgians and Ukrainians will be marking the anniversaries of events that they dubbed revolutions 다운로드. It is surprising that these historic upheavals did not spur any reconsideration of the concept of revolution. Modern liberal democracy emerged when a “right of revolution” began to be widely argued in the 1700s 다운로드. Over the next two centuries, revolution was a hope always cherished somewhere on the globe. Some of the subsequent revolutions were amazing successes while others turned out to be cruel deceptions epanet. The “color revolutions” in the former Soviet Union give us an opportunity to ask ourselves whether revolutions are in fact dying out, and whether revolution is a good or bad idea 임협헬퍼 다운로드.
Fairbanks, C. H. (2007). Revolution reconsidered. Journal of Democracy, 18(1), 42-57
This paper develops the specificity of the Georgian situation and make the case that what is happening in Georgia seems to be closer to the classic examples of revolutions than the stalemate in Serbia, Ukraine, or Kyrgyzstan 다운로드. Author argues that the Rose Revolution was a political revolution similar to the other Colour Revolutions, yet it distinguishes itself by not stopping with the overthrow of the old regime and a project to reform the state but continuing to push for change of the elite in power by pushing for radical social-economic reforms 컴퍼니오브히어로즈 다운로드.
Cheterian, V. (2008). Georgia’s Rose Revolution: Change or Repetition? Tension between State-Building and Modernization Projects. Nationalities papers, 36(4), 689-712 spoqa han sans.
“The Rose Revolution represented a victory not only for the Georgian people but for democracy globally. [It] . . . demonstrated that, by aggressively contesting elections, exercising basic freedoms of speech and assembly, and applying smart strategic thinking, a democratic opposition can defeat a weak semi-democratic kleptocracy.”
Mitchell, L 투캅스 다운로드. A. (2004). Georgia’s Rose revolution. Current History, 103 (675), 342-348.