This chapter analyzes the failure of Georgia’s defense and security policies and the challenges confronting the country’s leadership. It explores the various stages in the history of building the Georgian Army, from the late 1980s until the Rose Revolution of 2003. It lays out the systemic shortcomings of the process and explains a series of dramatic events that shook political–military relations. Then the problem of civilian control over the armed forces—including the relationship between the executive and legislative branches of the government, the question of the defense budget, and the corruption among the military—is analyzed. It also addresses the challenge of developing a national security concept. Finally, this chapter analyzes new trends in defense policy and military reform after the Rose Revolution.
Darchiashvili, D. (2005). Georgian defense policy and military reform.In B. Coppieters & R. Legvold (eds.). Statehood and Society: Georgia After the Rose Revolution (pp. 117-151). Boston: The MIT Press
As a contribution to promoting sustainable democracy in Georgia and in the wider context in the South
Caucasus region, International IDEA, in partnership with Georgian and regional actors, initiated a programme
of ‘democratic assessment through dialogue’ in Georgia, in autumn 2001.
International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (2003). Building Democracy in Georgia: Democratization in Georgia.
In this article, David Darchiashvili analyzes the interconnectedness of nationalism and security. Nation and nationalism is a risky unity and ideology because people, under national flags, tend to ignore their own as well as others lives. However, an international system is arranged in such a way and an individual’s basic requirements build up such a hierarchy that a nation-state still remains to be an irreplaceable institution for ensuring individual as well as collective security. Assuming that nationalism is a threat and, at the same, a pillar of national, regional or international security, it is politicians’ challenge to formulate national identity that will strike a balance between ethnicity and citizenship: it should reflect the requirement for the allegiance to ethnic beliefs, religion and liberal-democratic principles.
Darchiashvili, D. (2009). National Society and Imperatives of Modern Security. Identity Studies, 1.
The paper outlines the nature of contemporary national security dilemmas for post-Soviet Georgia. It examines Georgia’s present security threats, as well as its current relationships with Russia and the other countries of the region. The paper also presents an in-depth discussion of the situation of civil-military relations in Georgia and the impact of these relations on state security. The author analyzes the roots of Georgia’s problems in developing a coherent and practical security policy. He proposes that the ad hoc character of current security policy has resulted in passivity in dealing with threats such as ethnic conflicts, including the war in Abkhazia.
Darchiashvili, D. (1997). Georgia, the Search for State Security. Center for International Security and Arms Control, Stanford University.