This paper examines the situation in Georgia following the “Rose Revolution” of 2003. The authors analyze the country in terms of its security sector governance and evaluate the successes and failures of the foreign forces stationed in Georgia. They further examine the role of civil society, the media, and the local elites, and explore several reform efforts, particularly in the Georgian security sector.
Fluri, P. H., & Cole, E. (2005). From revolution to reform: Georgia’s struggle with democratic institution building and security sector reform. Austrian National Defense Academy and Bureau for Security Policy.
Why, of all post-Soviet countries, was Georgia the one where such a democratic breakthrough was possible for the first time? What factors and actors made the revolution possible? How important and substantial was western assistance? The following analysis endeavors to explore these questions.
Kandelaki, G. and G. Meladze (2007). ‘Enough! Kmara and the Rose Revolution in Georgia’. In Joerg Forbrig and Pavol Demeš (Eds.), Reclaiming Democracy. Civil society and Electoral Change in Central and Eastern Europe. Pp. 101- 125. Washington DC: German Marshall Fund of the United States.
As a contribution to promoting sustainable democracy in Georgia and in the wider context in the South
Caucasus region, International IDEA, in partnership with Georgian and regional actors, initiated a programme
of ‘democratic assessment through dialogue’ in Georgia, in autumn 2001.
International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (2003). Building Democracy in Georgia: Democratization in Georgia.
“The Rose Revolution represented a victory not only for the Georgian people but for democracy globally. [It] . . . demonstrated that, by aggressively contesting elections, exercising basic freedoms of speech and assembly, and applying smart strategic thinking, a democratic opposition can defeat a weak semi-democratic kleptocracy.”
Mitchell, L. A. (2004). Georgia’s Rose revolution. Current History, 103 (675), 342-348.
The goal of the policy paper is to assess the present state of civil society development, summarize ongoing discussions on relevant issues and offer recommendations for the next steps to foster the development of civil society in Georgia.
Nodia, G. (2005). Civil society development in Georgia: Achievements and challenges. Tbilisi, Caucasus Institute for Peace, Democracy and Development.