This paper aims to analyse the establishment of tripartite social dialogue practices at national level in the Republic of Georgia. The introduction of such practice is the result of European Union’s political pressures, International Labour Organization’s technical assistance and international trade unions confederations’ (namely the ETUC and the ITUC) support 다운로드. The paper pays particular attention to the pressure, leverage and technical help provided by the aforementioned international actors in this process 아이패드 카카오톡 다운로드. Moreover, the research illustrates the main achievements and failures of tripartitism in Georgia, as well as the principal constraints that limit the effectiveness of this practice 겨울왕국 열기.
Bagnardi, F. (2015). The changing pattern of Social Dialogue in Europe and the influence of ILO and EU in Georgian tripartism. CAUCASUS SOCIAL SCIENCE REVIEW (CSSR), 2(1) 다운로드.
This paper argues that the European Union’s attempts to externalize JHA policies and turn neighbouring countries into partners contributing to its internal security are hampered by numerous factors, including its obvious ambivalence towards these countries 암수살인 다운로드. The limitations of pursuing internal security objectives through a ‘soft’ partnership approach are particularly visible in the South Caucasus. The paper examines the EU’s policies in Georgia and finds that they lack strategic vision and coherence 다운로드. EU activity in Georgia illustrates three major challenges to the export of JHA policies in the neighbourhood: (1) the form of relations between the EU and its supposed partners (‘modes of governance’); (2) the EU’s policies vs 세븐포커 다운로드. local expectations; and (3) the contradictions in the EU’s objectives (democracy vs. efficiency).
Di Puppo, L. (2009). The externalization of JHA policies in Georgia: partner or hotbed of threats? 다운로드. European Integration, 31(1), 103-118.
This article examines Russia’s reaction to political changes in Georgia and Ukraine in light of the interplay between the democracy promotion policies implemented by the EU and US and domestic patterns of democratization 다운로드. We argue that despite the relatively weak impact of EU and US policies vis-a-vis domestic structures, Russia has responded harshly to (what it perceives as) a Western expansionist agenda in pursuit of reasserting its own hegemonic position in the post-Soviet space 다운로드. However, coercive pressure from Russia has also unintended, counterproductive effects. We argue that the pressure has actually made Georgia and Ukraine more determined to pursue their pro-Western orientation and has spawned democratization, thereby supporting the objectives of the Western democracy promoters s플래너.
Delcour, L., & Wolczuk, K. (2015). Spoiler or facilitator of democratization?: Russia’s role in Georgia and Ukraine. Democratization, 22(3), 459-478
Oliver Reisner argues that the potential foundation of national consensus and legitimization of the Georgian state becomes the subject of domestic political dispute which even extends into the classroom 트와일라잇 1 다운로드.
Reisner, O. (1998). What can and should we learn from Georgian history? Observations of someone who was trained in the Western tradition of science. Internationale Schulbuchforschung, 409-424 다운로드.
The article aims at analyzing those reforms of public administration that have been conducted in Georgian civil sector starting from 2004 다운로드. The article compares the results of two waves of PA reforms in Georgian public sector in the period of 2004-2012 and overviews advantages and disadvantages of competitive and professional models of civil service in developing countries on the example of Georgia 다운로드.
Dolidze, N. (2015). Public Administration Reforms in Georgia: Establishing Administrative Model for State Organizations. Caucasus Social Science Review (CSSR), 2(1) asp.net ftp 파일 다운로드.