This paper aims to analyse the establishment of tripartite social dialogue practices at national level in the Republic of Georgia. The introduction of such practice is the result of European Union’s political pressures, International Labour Organization’s technical assistance and international trade unions confederations’ (namely the ETUC and the ITUC) support. The paper pays particular attention to the pressure, leverage and technical help provided by the aforementioned international actors in this process. Moreover, the research illustrates the main achievements and failures of tripartitism in Georgia, as well as the principal constraints that limit the effectiveness of this practice.
Bagnardi, F. (2015). The changing pattern of Social Dialogue in Europe and the influence of ILO and EU in Georgian tripartism. CAUCASUS SOCIAL SCIENCE REVIEW (CSSR), 2(1).
During 20 years of independence, Georgia has tried to build two completely opposite systems of health care and social protection out of the ruins of the system inherited from soviet times (what was in line with a general direction of state development). None of the systems merged naturally with government, market or social institutions.
Gzirishvili, D. (2012). Independent Georgia – Health and Social Protection Systems. Tbilisi, Open Society Georgia Foundation (OSGF).
This paper is about the ups and downs of setting up a social protection system in Georgia. Whereas in the aftermath of the dismantling of the USSR, a shock therapy was not feasible from a political and economic point of view, the Rose Revolution and the perspective of Georgia “going West” have given an impetus to ultra-liberal social reforms. However, against the background ofrecurrent social tensions, one cannot exclude a shift towards a more democratic provision of social services.
Baumann, E. (2012). Post-Soviet Georgia: It’s a Long, Long Way to” Modern” Social Protection… Economies et Socihes, Serie « Developpement, croissance et progres », F, n° 46, 2/2012, p. 259-285