During the 8th-9th centuries, a system of land tenure and political organization that has been described as “feudal” arose in the Transcaucasus 한컴 오피스 2010 다운로드. The author argues that none of the mountainous regions of Georgia was untouched by feudalism, although the effects were very different in the eastern (Pxovi) and western (Svanetian) highlands 솔져오브포춘2 다운로드. The study contribute to research on Central Caucasian history and comparative religion, as well as to investigations of the impact of large-scale social, political and economic transformations on peripheral communities 동네사람들 다운로드.
Tuite, K. (2002). Real and imagined feudalism in highland Georgia. Amirani, 7, 25-43 다운로드.
This paper presents an ethnography of the various groups of the Pankisi Gorge, in particular of the Kist ethnic group. The authors discuss the migration of the various ethnic groups into the region, their family and kinship structures, and their customs 다운로드. The work also gauges the developments occurring in the beginnings of 2000s when the region was center of tensions between different armed groups.
Kurtsikidze, S., & Chikovani, V 다운로드. (2002). Georgia’s Pankisi Gorge: An Ethnographic Survey.
This mainly ethnographic paper takes as its starting point two main questions. Why is the Georgian capital of Tbilisi among the cities with the highest density of restaurants, cafés and bars in the post-Soviet region 캐드 해치 다운로드? And to what extent does the popular taste for overindulgence amount to a form of compensation and escapism? With these questions in mind, I distinguish between three forms of socializing in Tbilisi society, putting each one into context: banqueting, beer-drinking and tea-drinking 매직원. Each of these forms evokes a particular pattern of ritualized behavior and public communication: formalized speech, colloquial speech, irony, flirting, and communicating with the dead 다운로드. Georgian fast and festive foods are both considerably standardized and inscribed in performances of national culture. In diasporical contexts, a specific sauce called tqemali sometimes essentialises national identity 지나오다 mp3 다운로드. Finally, a historical framing illustrates the key role of eating and drinking in the maintenance and shaping of Georgian national identity.
Muehlfried, F 다운로드. (2008). Sharing the same blood–culture and cuisine in the Republic of Georgia. Anthropology of food, (S3) 레드슈즈 자막.
In this article the author raises important questions concerning the cultural, social and political implications of the supra. The Georgian banquet is heavily loaded with political implications, whether or not politics is spoken about at the table 다운로드. Since the supra is such a prominent feature of social life, and furthermore, one that is frequently mentioned as a marker of Georgian or Caucasian identity, authors who write about this ritual necessarily engage with widespread notions of Georgianness, and find themselves – tacitly or explicitly – taking a stance with regard to such politically-loaded issues as gender, labor and consumption 네이버 동영상 편집기.
Tuite, K. (2005). The Autocrat of the Banquet Table: the political and social significance of the Georgian supra. Language, history and cultural identities in the Caucasus, 9 다운로드.
Under socialism the image of the supra was mobilized for the purposes of articulating the relationship of ‘society’ to the socialist state xhr. This is partially because the supra, which Georgian nationalists like to fantasize as a traditional unchanging ‘everyday life’ opposed at all points to the socialist state, was in fact at every point a major point of articulation of everyday life to an ubiquitous socialist state 다운로드.
Manning, P. (2003). Socialist supras and Drinking Democratically: Changing Images of the Georgian Feast and Georgian Society from Socialism to Post-Socialism 다운로드. Trent University, Unpublished Manuscript.