In this text of a lecture delivered by Johan Galtung in Tbilisi 1997, the author discusses issues of conflict and cooperation in Caucasus. In the first part he identifies the structural causes of the Caucasian conflicts by comparison with the Balkans wars catia v5r21 다운로드. Then, Galtung distinguishes three cultural traits that pose obstacles for the Caucasian peace process. Finally, he argues for deeper institutionalized cooperation among the states and nations of Caucasus 다운로드.
Galtung, J. (1997). Some Observations on the Caucasus. Caucasian Regional Studies, 2(1).
What explains change and continuity in the foreign policy behavior of small states? The standard emphasis is made on external and international factors with the conclusion that small states are more likely to bandwagon with threatening great powers than to balance against them 다운로드. Contrary to this approach, this article suggests that state- and individual-level variables can play a greater role in explaining the foreign policy behavior of small states and that small states sometimes choose to balance rather than bandwagon, especially when elite ideology is deeply embedded in formulating foreign policy 007 스펙터.
Gvalia, G., Siroky, D., Lebanidze, B., & Iashvili, Z. (2013). Thinking Outside the Bloc: Explaining the Foreign Policies of Small States 웹페이지 파일 일괄 다운로드. Security Studies, 22(1), 98-131.
This paper looks at the European Union process of engagement in the South Caucasus in the context of its Neighborhood Policy. It looks at how divergent perceptions of the region impact on regional policy choices, with an emphasis on regional cooperation Flaticon download. It is argued that regional cooperation should overcome the artificially constructed “South Caucasus” regional label and unfold along different patterns and variable compositions 다운로드. The paper advances the proposal for a Eurasian/Black Sea security complex, framing in a wider format regional bounds, while maximizing them in new cooperation frames, inverting the tendency for imposed labels and uncooperative stances in the area 솜노트 다운로드.
Simão, L., & Freire, M. R. (2008). The EU’s Neighborhood Policy and the South Caucasus: Unfolding New Patterns of Cooperation 다운로드. Caucasian Review of International Affairs, 2(4), 47-61.
This article aims at evaluating the geopolitical impact of the construction of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars (BTK) railroad in the South Caucasus 다운로드. It will contribute to further regional cooperation between Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey. Furthermore, the BTK railroad will constitute a new stage in the further marginalization of Armenia within the South Caucasus 쿠키 런 크리스탈 버그 판 다운로드. Not only it will bypass this country but it will also undermine its ethno-political leverages, notably in Georgia. Finally, the BTK railroad could be a new step in the incoming showdown between, on the one hand Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey and, on the other hand, Armenia, Iran and Russia 다운로드.
Lussac, S. (2008). The Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railroad and its geopolitical implications for the South Caucasus 다운로드. Caucasian Review on International Affairs, 2(4), 34-46
The book introduces the geographical, historical and ethno-linguistic framework of the Caucasus, focusing on the Russian incorporation of the region, the root most conflicts lg스마트체 regular. The author analyses individual conflicts, from their origins to the attempts at resolving them; evaluates the role of the three regional powers (Turkey, Iran and Russia); and sets out a synthesis of the Caucasian conflicts and a conclusion on the place of the Caucasus in world affairs 스플라이스 다운로드.
Cornell, S. (2001). Small Nations and Great Powers. A Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict in the Caucasus. Surrey, England: Curzon