Alexander Cooley and Lincoln Mitchell argue in this article that two flawed principles guided recent U.S. policy towards Georgia that failed to anticipate the 2008 conflict and prevent its escalation 다운로드. First, the United States supported the Saakashvili government, rather than promoting broader Georgian democratic development. Second, the United States backed reuniting Georgia’s territorial integrity, rather than acting as an honest broker to resolve the frozen conflicts with South Ossetia and Abkhazia 삼성 fn 메신저 다운로드. Over time, the strong personalized ties that developed between Washington and Tbilisi transformed the Georgian regime’s domestic policies and priorities into official U.S 다운로드. policies and goals, leading to an unhealthy capture of U.S. foreign policy by Tbilisi.
Cooley, A., & Mitchell, L. A. (2009). No way to treat our friends: recasting recent US–Georgian relations 다운로드. The Washington Quarterly, 32(1), 27-41.
The South Caucasus has traditionally been a playground of contesting empires 텐센트 카트라이더 다운로드. This region, on the edge of Europe, is associated in Western minds with ethnic conflict and geopolitical struggles in August 2008. Yet, another war broke out in this distant European periphery as Russia and Georgia clashed over the secessionist territory of South Ossetia 다운로드. The war had global ramifications culminating in deepening tensions between Russia on the one hand, and Europe and the USA on the other. Speculation on the causes and consequences of the war focused on Great Power rivalries and a new Great Game, on oil pipeline routes, and Russian imperial aspirations Gangstar 4 download.
This book takes a different tack which focuses on the domestic roots of the August 2008 war. Collectively the authors in this volume present a new multidimensional context for the war 다운로드. They analyse historical relations between national minorities in the region, look at the link between democratic development, state-building, and war, and explore the role of leadership and public opinion 비정상회담 5회. Digging beneath often simplistic geopolitical explanations, the authors give the national minorities and Georgians themselves, the voice that is often forgotten by Western analysts 다운로드.
This book was based on a special issue of Central Asian Survey.
Jones, S 다운로드. F. (Ed.) (2011). War and Revolution in the Caucasus: Georgia Ablaze. London: Routledge.
In November of 2003, a stolen election in the former Soviet republic of Georgia led to protests and the eventual resignation of President Eduard Shevardnadze 빗자루 백신. Shevardnadze was replaced by a democratically elected government led by President Mikheil Saakashvili, who pledged to rebuild Georgia, orient it toward the West, and develop a European-style democracy 다운로드. Known as the Rose Revolution, this early twenty-first-century democratic movement was only one of the so-called color revolutions (Orange in Ukraine, Tulip in Kyrgyzstan, and Cedar in Lebanon) 다운로드. What made democratic revolution in Georgia thrive when so many similar movements in the early part of the decade dissolved?
Lincoln A 2014 달력 다운로드. Mitchell witnessed the Rose Revolution firsthand, even playing a role in its manifestation by working closely with key Georgian actors who brought about change 나는 친박이다. In Uncertain Democracy, Mitchell recounts the events that led to the overthrow of Shevardnadze and analyzes the factors that contributed to the staying power of the new regime 다운로드. The book also explores the modest but indispensable role of the United States in contributing to the Rose Revolution and Georgia’s failure to live up to its democratic promise 다운로드.
Uncertain Democracy is the first scholarly examination of Georgia’s recent political past. Drawing upon primary sources, secondary documents, and his own NGO experience, Mitchell presents a compelling case study of the effect of U.S 다운로드. policy of promoting democracy abroad.
Mitchell, L. A. (2009). Uncertain Democracy: US Foreign Policy and Georgia’s Rose Revolution다운로드. University of Pennsylvania Press.
The brief war between Russia and Georgia in August 2008 seemed to many like an unexpected shot out of the blue that was gone as quickly as it came 다운로드. Former Assistant Deputy Secretary of State Ronald Asmus contends that it was a conflict that was prepared and planned for some time by Moscow, part of a broader strategy to send a message to the United States: that Russia is going to flex its muscle in the twenty-first century ffmpeg download. A Little War that Changed the World is a fascinating look at the breakdown of relations between Russia and the West, the decay and decline of the Western Alliance itself, and the fate of Eastern Europe in a time of economic crisis 어도비 포토샵 cs5 다운로드.
Asmus, R. (2010). A Little War That Shook the world: Georgia, Russia, and the Future of the West. Macmillan 호텔델루나 7화 다운로드.
For the first time, this major new survey of the Caucasus traces a unified narrative history of this complex and turbulent region at the borderlands of Europe, Asia and the Middle East, from prehistory to the present 동영상 파일 다운로드. For thousands of years the Caucasus has formed the intersection of routes of migration, invasion, trade and culture, and a geographical bridge between Europe and Asia, subject to recurring imperial invasion 정음뷰어 다운로드. Drawing on sources in English, Russian, Persian and Arabic, amongst others, this authoritative study centres on the region’s many indigenous peoples, including Abkhazians, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Chechens and Circassians, and their relations with outsiders who still play an important part in the life of the region today 철권태그 1 다운로드. The book presents a critical view of the historical role of Russian imperialism in events in the Caucasian countries, and the violent struggle of some of these peoples in their efforts to establish a precarious independence 관광열차.
Forsyth, J. (2013). The Caucasus: A History. Cambridge University Press.