This paper aims to analyse the establishment of tripartite social dialogue practices at national level in the Republic of Georgia. The introduction of such practice is the result of European Union’s political pressures, International Labour Organization’s technical assistance and international trade unions confederations’ (namely the ETUC and the ITUC) support 다운로드. The paper pays particular attention to the pressure, leverage and technical help provided by the aforementioned international actors in this process 아이패드 카카오톡 다운로드. Moreover, the research illustrates the main achievements and failures of tripartitism in Georgia, as well as the principal constraints that limit the effectiveness of this practice 겨울왕국 열기.
Bagnardi, F. (2015). The changing pattern of Social Dialogue in Europe and the influence of ILO and EU in Georgian tripartism. CAUCASUS SOCIAL SCIENCE REVIEW (CSSR), 2(1) 다운로드.
This paper argues that the European Union’s attempts to externalize JHA policies and turn neighbouring countries into partners contributing to its internal security are hampered by numerous factors, including its obvious ambivalence towards these countries 암수살인 다운로드. The limitations of pursuing internal security objectives through a ‘soft’ partnership approach are particularly visible in the South Caucasus. The paper examines the EU’s policies in Georgia and finds that they lack strategic vision and coherence 다운로드. EU activity in Georgia illustrates three major challenges to the export of JHA policies in the neighbourhood: (1) the form of relations between the EU and its supposed partners (‘modes of governance’); (2) the EU’s policies vs 세븐포커 다운로드. local expectations; and (3) the contradictions in the EU’s objectives (democracy vs. efficiency).
Di Puppo, L. (2009). The externalization of JHA policies in Georgia: partner or hotbed of threats? 다운로드. European Integration, 31(1), 103-118.
This article examines Russia’s reaction to political changes in Georgia and Ukraine in light of the interplay between the democracy promotion policies implemented by the EU and US and domestic patterns of democratization 다운로드. We argue that despite the relatively weak impact of EU and US policies vis-a-vis domestic structures, Russia has responded harshly to (what it perceives as) a Western expansionist agenda in pursuit of reasserting its own hegemonic position in the post-Soviet space 다운로드. However, coercive pressure from Russia has also unintended, counterproductive effects. We argue that the pressure has actually made Georgia and Ukraine more determined to pursue their pro-Western orientation and has spawned democratization, thereby supporting the objectives of the Western democracy promoters s플래너.
Delcour, L., & Wolczuk, K. (2015). Spoiler or facilitator of democratization?: Russia’s role in Georgia and Ukraine. Democratization, 22(3), 459-478
This is a full copy of the Association Agreement signed by the European Union and Georgia in June 2014. The Association Agreement includes the Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) which has significantly liberalized trade between the EU and Georgia daemon tool 다운로드.
Authors, Alexander Cooley and Lincoln Mitchell, propose an approach called ‘‘engagement without recognition’’ for Western policy toward Abkhazia to challenge the territory’s international isolation and monopolization of influence by Russia 다운로드. According to this strategy, Abkhazia would be given the opportunity to engage with the West on a number of political, economic, social, and cultural issues for the purpose of lessening Russia’s influence 최신 음악 다운로드. While undertaking this strategy, the West must make it clear that Abkhazia’s status as an independent state will never be accepted by either the United States or the EU 아이나비 맵 데이터 다운로드. By separating the international legal dimensions of sovereignty (the question of non-recognition) from its governance aspects, the West can attempt to gain some needed strategic leverage over Abkhazia, which it currently lacks 각시탈 게임.
Cooley, A., & Mitchell, L. A. (2010). Engagement without Recognition: A New Strategy toward Abkhazia and Eurasia’s Unrecognized States 다운로드. The Washington Quarterly, 33(4), 59-73.