This article examines Russia’s reaction to political changes in Georgia and Ukraine in light of the interplay between the democracy promotion policies implemented by the EU and US and domestic patterns of democratization 다운로드. We argue that despite the relatively weak impact of EU and US policies vis-a-vis domestic structures, Russia has responded harshly to (what it perceives as) a Western expansionist agenda in pursuit of reasserting its own hegemonic position in the post-Soviet space 다운로드. However, coercive pressure from Russia has also unintended, counterproductive effects. We argue that the pressure has actually made Georgia and Ukraine more determined to pursue their pro-Western orientation and has spawned democratization, thereby supporting the objectives of the Western democracy promoters s플래너.
Delcour, L., & Wolczuk, K. (2015). Spoiler or facilitator of democratization?: Russia’s role in Georgia and Ukraine. Democratization, 22(3), 459-478
Alexander Cooley and Lincoln Mitchell argue in this article that two flawed principles guided recent U.S. policy towards Georgia that failed to anticipate the 2008 conflict and prevent its escalation 다운로드. First, the United States supported the Saakashvili government, rather than promoting broader Georgian democratic development. Second, the United States backed reuniting Georgia’s territorial integrity, rather than acting as an honest broker to resolve the frozen conflicts with South Ossetia and Abkhazia 삼성 fn 메신저 다운로드. Over time, the strong personalized ties that developed between Washington and Tbilisi transformed the Georgian regime’s domestic policies and priorities into official U.S 다운로드. policies and goals, leading to an unhealthy capture of U.S. foreign policy by Tbilisi.
Cooley, A., & Mitchell, L. A. (2009). No way to treat our friends: recasting recent US–Georgian relations 다운로드. The Washington Quarterly, 32(1), 27-41.
After more than a decade of turmoil and decline, Georgia has emerged as one of the world’s most dynamic laboratories of democracy 다운로드. The major event in this new chapter of its history is the “Rose Revolution.” A three week period of political intrigue and public demonstrations in November 2003 led to Eduard Shevardnadze’s resignation, and the result was that a demoralized and lethargic society suddenly seemed to turn into an energetic experiment in democracy 다운로드. Events subsequent to the Rose Revolution suggest that this may be just the beginning of a larger transition, but regardless of where the future leads, this bloodless rebellion will remain a fascinating chapter in its own right 다운로드. It has left a powerful impression not only on Georgians, but on people throughout the world. Admired by some and deplored by others, it has been observed closely everywhere in the former Soviet states and beyond 다운로드. This new book presents a first historical snapshot of the Rose Revolution and events leading up to it. The editors have included interviews with major players who were at the center of this historical episode as well as chapters by analysts who have tried to make sense of it from various perspectives 다운로드. The result is a multifaceted picture of an exciting, as well as perilous time.
Karumidze, Z., & Wertsch, J. V 다운로드. (Eds.). (2005). ” Enough!”: The Rose Revolution in the Republic of Georgia 2003. Nova Science Publishers.
In November of 2003, a stolen election in the former Soviet republic of Georgia led to protests and the eventual resignation of President Eduard Shevardnadze 빗자루 백신. Shevardnadze was replaced by a democratically elected government led by President Mikheil Saakashvili, who pledged to rebuild Georgia, orient it toward the West, and develop a European-style democracy 다운로드. Known as the Rose Revolution, this early twenty-first-century democratic movement was only one of the so-called color revolutions (Orange in Ukraine, Tulip in Kyrgyzstan, and Cedar in Lebanon) 다운로드. What made democratic revolution in Georgia thrive when so many similar movements in the early part of the decade dissolved?
Lincoln A 2014 달력 다운로드. Mitchell witnessed the Rose Revolution firsthand, even playing a role in its manifestation by working closely with key Georgian actors who brought about change 나는 친박이다. In Uncertain Democracy, Mitchell recounts the events that led to the overthrow of Shevardnadze and analyzes the factors that contributed to the staying power of the new regime 다운로드. The book also explores the modest but indispensable role of the United States in contributing to the Rose Revolution and Georgia’s failure to live up to its democratic promise 다운로드.
Uncertain Democracy is the first scholarly examination of Georgia’s recent political past. Drawing upon primary sources, secondary documents, and his own NGO experience, Mitchell presents a compelling case study of the effect of U.S 다운로드. policy of promoting democracy abroad.
Mitchell, L. A. (2009). Uncertain Democracy: US Foreign Policy and Georgia’s Rose Revolution다운로드. University of Pennsylvania Press.
The brief war between Russia and Georgia in August 2008 seemed to many like an unexpected shot out of the blue that was gone as quickly as it came 다운로드. Former Assistant Deputy Secretary of State Ronald Asmus contends that it was a conflict that was prepared and planned for some time by Moscow, part of a broader strategy to send a message to the United States: that Russia is going to flex its muscle in the twenty-first century ffmpeg download. A Little War that Changed the World is a fascinating look at the breakdown of relations between Russia and the West, the decay and decline of the Western Alliance itself, and the fate of Eastern Europe in a time of economic crisis 어도비 포토샵 cs5 다운로드.
Asmus, R. (2010). A Little War That Shook the world: Georgia, Russia, and the Future of the West. Macmillan 호텔델루나 7화 다운로드.