In this text of a lecture delivered by Johan Galtung in Tbilisi 1997, the author discusses issues of conflict and cooperation in Caucasus. In the first part he identifies the structural causes of the Caucasian conflicts by comparison with the Balkans wars. Then, Galtung distinguishes three cultural traits that pose obstacles for the Caucasian peace process. Finally, he argues for deeper institutionalized cooperation among the states and nations of Caucasus.
Galtung, J. (1997). Some Observations on the Caucasus. Caucasian Regional Studies, 2(1).
This paper is an attempt to analyze what has underpinned Georgia ’s foreign policy consensus and how likely it is to persist in the face of mounting difficulties concerning Georgia’s international standing. The explanation for foreign policy persistence includes the Georgian president’s grip on power, the intransigence of the Russian leadership toward improving relations with Tbilisi, a lack of practical cooperative areas in Russian-Georgian relations, and the government’s motivation to stay its course under conditions of international uncertainty. However, the broad ideological consensus regarding Georgia’s foreign policy stance may be weakening.
Khelashvili, G. (2011). Georgia’s Foreign Policy Impasse. Is Consensus Crumbling? Ponars Eurasia Policy Memo, (187).
This paper looks at the European Union process of engagement in the South Caucasus in the context of its Neighborhood Policy. It looks at how divergent perceptions of the region impact on regional policy choices, with an emphasis on regional cooperation. It is argued that regional cooperation should overcome the artificially constructed “South Caucasus” regional label and unfold along different patterns and variable compositions. The paper advances the proposal for a Eurasian/Black Sea security complex, framing in a wider format regional bounds, while maximizing them in new cooperation frames, inverting the tendency for imposed labels and uncooperative stances in the area.
Simão, L., & Freire, M. R. (2008). The EU’s Neighborhood Policy and the South Caucasus: Unfolding New Patterns of Cooperation. Caucasian Review of International Affairs, 2(4), 47-61.