This document represents a collection of articles by Georgian, Abkhazian and Russian scholars identifying specific actions needed in four policy areas (human rights of the displaced and the returnees, human security, energy and economic development) in which Georgian-Abkhaz co-operation is deemed appropriate with a view to improving the living conditions of the local population 다운로드.
CITpax (2009). Georgian and Abkhaz Perspectives on Human Security and Development in Conflict-Affected Areas. CITpax – Toledo International Centre for Peace, A Policy Research Initiative 다운로드.
Alexander Cooley and Lincoln Mitchell argue in this article that two flawed principles guided recent U.S. policy towards Georgia that failed to anticipate the 2008 conflict and prevent its escalation 다운로드. First, the United States supported the Saakashvili government, rather than promoting broader Georgian democratic development. Second, the United States backed reuniting Georgia’s territorial integrity, rather than acting as an honest broker to resolve the frozen conflicts with South Ossetia and Abkhazia 삼성 fn 메신저 다운로드. Over time, the strong personalized ties that developed between Washington and Tbilisi transformed the Georgian regime’s domestic policies and priorities into official U.S 다운로드. policies and goals, leading to an unhealthy capture of U.S. foreign policy by Tbilisi.
Cooley, A., & Mitchell, L. A. (2009). No way to treat our friends: recasting recent US–Georgian relations 다운로드. The Washington Quarterly, 32(1), 27-41.
This report starts with a description of current U.S. policy towards the Georgian conflicts. The authors detail the important but often overlooked progress that has been achieved since the war, but argue for a more proactive U.S 영어 오디오북 다운로드. approach to the Georgia conflicts. In the last part of policy recommendations, they focus on the mutually beneficial steps conflicting sides can take without forcing reconsideration of their positions on the issues that fundamentally divide them 2014 오토캐드 키젠.
Charap, S. & Welt, C. (2011). A More Proactive U.S. Approach to the Georgia Conflicts. Center for American Progress. Washington, DC drm.
After working for Time magazine in London, Wendell Steavenson spent two years in the former Soviet republic of Georgia 다운로드. Stories I Stole captures the exuberance of a fledgling nation of local despots, mountain tribes, blood feuds, and an unlimited flow of red wine. From President Shevardnadze’s rigged elections to horse races high in the mountains; from the eerie roadside artifacts of the Soviet era to the farcical power outages in the dead of winter, here is Georgia: weird, invigorating, and still coming to grips with the legacy of its most famous son, Joseph Stalin 다운로드. Far more than a travel book, this is a scintillating menagerie of true stories peopled by vivid — and sometimes insane — characters. In the beach resort of Sukhumi, once the destination of every fashionable Russian but now wrecked by civil war, Wendell plays hangman with a secret policeman 다운로드. In the capital, Tbilisi — ensconced in Levan’s Magic Room or lounging in the steam baths — she hears about the latest duel or kidnapping 맥북 포토샵 크랙. In Khevsureti, the meadows are dotted with blue-painted beehives and yellow flowers, while just over the border there is war in Chechnya. Stories I Stole is a candid, engaging, and quietly lyrical book about a land and its people 다운로드.
Steavenson, W. (2002). Stories I Stole from Georgia. Grove Press
For the first time, this major new survey of the Caucasus traces a unified narrative history of this complex and turbulent region at the borderlands of Europe, Asia and the Middle East, from prehistory to the present 동영상 파일 다운로드. For thousands of years the Caucasus has formed the intersection of routes of migration, invasion, trade and culture, and a geographical bridge between Europe and Asia, subject to recurring imperial invasion 정음뷰어 다운로드. Drawing on sources in English, Russian, Persian and Arabic, amongst others, this authoritative study centres on the region’s many indigenous peoples, including Abkhazians, Armenians, Azerbaijanis, Chechens and Circassians, and their relations with outsiders who still play an important part in the life of the region today 철권태그 1 다운로드. The book presents a critical view of the historical role of Russian imperialism in events in the Caucasian countries, and the violent struggle of some of these peoples in their efforts to establish a precarious independence 관광열차.
Forsyth, J. (2013). The Caucasus: A History. Cambridge University Press.