This article charts the trajectories of different concepts, theories and paradigms deployed over the past 20 years to understand de facto states in the South Caucasus, and in particular their internal dynamics 다운로드. It is argued that while external factors are central to the sustainability of Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Nagorny Karabakh, scholarship on these entities has increasingly over time asserted the relevance of their internal politics 다운로드. The article discusses how over the last decade this analysis has increasingly conflicted with the revival of the region’s central state authorities, whose conceptual reading and policy repertoires vis-à-vis de facto states remain focused on their external support structures 다운로드.
Broers, L. (2013). Recognising politics in unrecognised states: 20 years of enquiry into the de facto states of the South Caucasus. Caucasus Survey, 1(1), 59-74 스타 헌터 맵 다운로드.
This paper examines the role of territorial integrity narratives in the Republic of Georgia, which currently features two separatist territories – Abkhazia and South Ossetia – which are de facto independent and have begun to receive limited international recognition 다운로드. Political rhetoric is further buttressed by various government policies and practices that help transmit the message of territorial integrity to the Georgian public 다운로드. Cartographic anxieties, or the preoccupation and fear of a country’s loss of territory, is a central feature of Georgian nationalist discourse. Referring to the loss of territory as amputation exemplifies the cartographic anxieties displayed in Georgia 다운로드. Specifically, I will focus on the role of political discourse, maps, patriotic youth camps and billboards and other elements of the landscape, documenting how they help to reproduce the discourse of territorial integrity 다운로드. It is precisely these discourses and practices that reproduce territorial integrity narratives and construct the entire Georgian territory (including Abkhazia and South Ossetia) as integral to Georgian national identity, enabling the separatist regions to be understood as wounds that won’t heal 스프링 blob 다운로드.
Kabachnik, Peter. “Wounds that won’t heal: cartographic anxieties and the quest for territorial integrity in Georgia.” Central Asian Survey 31.1 (2012): 45-60 다운로드.
The conventional explanations of the Abkhazian independence war against the Republic of Georgia invariably dwell on the combination of local ancient hatreds and Moscow’s secret meddling 다운로드. This explanation is both incorrect and politically harmful. After all, what can be done if the hatreds are so ancient, and Russia, as any state faced with similar problems, might predictably have no option but to continue ‘meddling’ in its complicated Caucasus underbelly 다운로드? To reframe these inherently pessimistic assumptions, let us revisit the typical arguments or ‘facts’ one hears from the participants in the Abkhazia conflict 다운로드.
Derluguian, G. (2007). Abkhazia: A Broken Paradise. Frontier Scouts and Border Crossers, 65-88.
This book examines some of Georgia’s most important foreign policy issues and partnerships. It also allows the reader to compare different issues and topics, developments,trends and scenarios and their impacts on Georgia’s evolving foreign policy context 마인크래프트 0 10 4 apk. This publication offers chronological accounts of Georgian foreign policy along with explorations of identity and ethnicity’s roles in framing foreign relations 다운로드. This volume also considers Georgia’s integration processes into the Euro-Atlantic space as well as relations with its neighbors and partners: the U.S., Russia, Ukraine, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, and the Baltic States 다운로드.
Kakachia, K., & Cecire, M. (Eds). (2013). Georgia’s Foreign Policy: The Quest for Sustainable Security. Tbilisi, Konrad Adenauer Stiftung 다운로드.
Models of economic and social developments, scenarios for domestic politics, the role of EU engagement and the possible Europeanization of national policies as well as outlooks for cooperation in the energy sector – articles of the collection cover not all but the most relevant topics in the South Caucasus of today and years to come 다운로드.
The South Caucasus 2018: Facts, Trends, Future Scenarios (2013). Tbilisi, Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (KAS).