This paper compares and contrasts the regime changes in Georgia (2003) and Kyrgyzstan (2005) that resulted in the overthrow of Presidents Shevardnadze and Akaev and are often considered to be part of a common ‘coloured revolution’ phenomenon in the post-Soviet space. This article sheds light on the factors that contributed to the rise of successful opposition movements that dislodged the ruling regimes. In particular, the paper will challenge two popular views that, in turn, exaggerate the influence of foreign actors in the Rose and Tulip Revolutions, and over-estimate the unity of purpose among the main opposition parties.
Ó Beacháin, D. (2009). Roses and tulips: dynamics of regime change in Georgia and Kyrgyzstan. Journal of Communist Studies and Transition Politics,25(2-3), 199-226.