Drawing on a study of competitive authoritarian regimes with Steven R. Levitsky, author identify a set of longer-term variables—including the degree of state and party capacity as well as the strength or weakness of links to the West—that more fully explains why some post-communist leaders have successfully consolidated authoritarian rule while others have failed 다운로드.
Way, L. (2008). The real causes of the color revolutions. Journal of Democracy, 19(3), 55-69.
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In the winter of 2006 Georgians and Ukrainians will be marking the anniversaries of events that they dubbed revolutions 다운로드. It is surprising that these historic upheavals did not spur any reconsideration of the concept of revolution. Modern liberal democracy emerged when a “right of revolution” began to be widely argued in the 1700s 다운로드. Over the next two centuries, revolution was a hope always cherished somewhere on the globe. Some of the subsequent revolutions were amazing successes while others turned out to be cruel deceptions epanet. The “color revolutions” in the former Soviet Union give us an opportunity to ask ourselves whether revolutions are in fact dying out, and whether revolution is a good or bad idea 임협헬퍼 다운로드.
Fairbanks, C. H. (2007). Revolution reconsidered. Journal of Democracy, 18(1), 42-57
This paper develops the specificity of the Georgian situation and make the case that what is happening in Georgia seems to be closer to the classic examples of revolutions than the stalemate in Serbia, Ukraine, or Kyrgyzstan 다운로드. Author argues that the Rose Revolution was a political revolution similar to the other Colour Revolutions, yet it distinguishes itself by not stopping with the overthrow of the old regime and a project to reform the state but continuing to push for change of the elite in power by pushing for radical social-economic reforms 컴퍼니오브히어로즈 다운로드.
Cheterian, V. (2008). Georgia’s Rose Revolution: Change or Repetition? Tension between State-Building and Modernization Projects. Nationalities papers, 36(4), 689-712 spoqa han sans.
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Civil society played a vital role in the colored revolutions of Georgia and Ukraine, exemplified by the activism of the youth groups Kmara and Pora 다운로드. As democratic reform has stalled, however, these groups have found themselves increasingly marginalized because of the reemergence of authoritarian practices and elites 컴퓨터 앱 다운로드. Only the renewed inclusion of civil society can restore the democratization process.
Laverty, N. (2008). The problem of lasting change: Civil society and the Colored Revolutions in Georgia and Ukraine kyocera. Demokratizatsiya: The Journal of Post-Soviet Democratization, 16(2), 143-162.
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